Tena’adam is a spice from classical Ethiopian cuisine, and one of the ingredients of an authentic Berber. The leaves of this rue have been used since the Roman times as a remedy against poisonous snake bites.
T’ēna ādami ጤና አዳም is the Amharic name of the leaves and the fruits of the griged rue or Ethiopian rue, also written as Tena'adam or Tenaadam. Tena'adam means "the health of Adam" and is illustrative of the traditional use of the plant as a medicine.
Like the berries, the leaves are among the nine essential spices of Ethiopian cuisine. These are: korarima, a cardamom species, ginger (meaning jibel), fenugreek (abish), turmeric (ird), Ethiopian thyme (tosegn), cumin (tikur azmud), cloves (krenfud), black pepper (kundo berbere) and this tena'adam.
The fringed rue is a yellow-flowering plant from the Rutaceae family, which also includes citrus fruits and sichuan peppers. The genus name ruta refers to the rutin in the plant juice, a bitter substance. It is a flavonoid that is also found in citrus fruits (especially in the peel and seeds), in rhubarb, in tea and in onions, and in medication to relax the blood vessels.
In ancient times the rue was primarily a medicinal plant, but around the beginning of our era, Apicius already describes how it was used in recipes for gravy, and sauces for hare, fish and birds. Abu Muhammad al-Muthaffar ibn Nasr ibn Sayyār al-Warrāq, author of the earliest known Arab cookbook Kitab al-Ṭabīḫ (the food book) from the tenth century also used it as a seasoning.
Popular is the use of the leaves in bitters and liqueurs, such as in Croatia in raki, and in northern Italy in grappa (alla ruta). The leaves form with the leaves of the coffee plant (Ethiopia is a coffee country par excellence) "kutti", coffee leaf tea, a name of Indian origin. Kutti-kal is the name fundamentalist Ghandians gave coffee, more addictive than beer or wine. It means "junior alcohol."
Just like the leaves, the berries are used in the preparation of berbere, the famous Ethiopian spice mixture, in which chili dominates, since the discovery of South America and the introduction of chili peppers. Before that, the sharpness of berbere was the sum of many all together less sharp ingredients, amongst them the fringed rue.
Smell and taste
Some of the fragrances and flavors (essential oils) in tena'adam:
- 2-undecanenone, eucalyptus
- 2-heptanol acetate, grassy, citrus
- ethyl butanoate, the aromas of pineapple, cognac
- α-pinene, the aroma of woody pine scent, as well as in cumin, pine (juniper), juniper and hemp,
- 2-nonanone, cheesy and waxy and sweet, like coconut
- nonen-1-yl acetate, tropical fruit: kiwi, honey melon, pear
- E, E-farnesal, smells of flowers and mint
- rutin, the taste of tea
The fruit, a seed box with four or five lobes, contains ten edible seeds. The fruit is ground in its entirety for use, and used as a spice or rub.
Tena’adam cannot be compared with any other spice. It has a complex aroma in which passion fruit and tropical fruit are recognized, which is why the fruits are also called baies de passion or passionberries. Passion berry is also the name of the Australian bush tomato, hence our preference for the Ethiopian name, which moreover does justice to the country of origin.
Tena'adam is delicious in combination with shrimp, chanterelles, asparagus, boiled fish and poultry (and the creamy sauce that comes with it), fried fish, game (hare, deer or boar) and poultry, grilled vegetables and fruits such as pear and mango, and vanilla ice cream.
- 100% berries of the Ruta chalepensis
- origin: Ethiopia
- harvest 2018
- Available in standing bag, glass and test tube
- standing bags contain 30, 45, 150 and 300 grams respectively
- test tubes 10 ml
- glass jar contains 30 grams
- the cubic box is suitable for packaging one glass jar and is supplied with a sheet of black tissue paper
- the flat box has a flat 'velvet' inlay, and is suitable for our small and medium-sized pouches (150 and 250 ml), marked with an arterisk *. Capacity: 4-5 bags, depending on the type of spice
- for further details (and images) of our gift packaging, please refer to the product page
- keep it in a dry and pretty cool place
- the expiry date is meant as an indication
- December 2022
|No additions||100% dried fruit|
|Contains no allergenes||no allergenes|
- Brand: Global food and spices
- Product Code: H004GR
- Availability: In Stock
- Ex Tax: €2.98